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National Institute for Research and Development of Biological Sciences in Romania

European countries are more receptive to adopting measures that promote the bioeconomy and the use of genetically modified organisms, this is what is reflected in the analysis of opinion studies carried out by the National Institute for Research and Development of Biological Sciences in Romania.

The bioeconomy in the world

The bioeconomy is a sector that hardly gains allies among European countries, the interest in achieving the efficient use of renewable natural resources in a sustainable way is growing.

The need to produce to meet needs without causing damage to the local ecosystem is a goal to be met. The objectives have been created in the medium and long term, one of the most important being to establish the foundations to achieve a transition towards a society with a sustainable economy.

European nations join the group of countries that want to orient their efforts to achieve a reduction in fossil fuels, replacing them with ecological alternatives.

The report of the National Research and Development Institute for Biological Sciences in Romania

Studies carried out by the National Research and Development Institute for Biological Sciences in Romania show that the mistrust of European countries for the consumption of genetically modified foods and the use of innovative and eco-friendly biotechnologies has decreased.

In a report that was developed by Mihael Cristin Ichim, who belongs to this prestigious institute, an in-depth analysis of the changes that have been generated is carried out, oriented towards the search for viable solutions for the implementation of the production and consumption of genetically modified organisms. modified.

This publication presents interesting data, showing the evolution of the change of perspective regarding the position of European countries regarding the use of transgenic foods.

For example, in 2005, 63% were against the production and consumption of this type of food, which changes significantly in 2019, since the margin fell to 27%, showing more receptivity and less skepticism about agri-food biotechnology.

Eurobarometer Program

The Eurobarometer Program is a tool to know and analyze the opinion of citizens about a specific topic on matters related to the European Union.

It is an instrument developed by the European Commission, which since 1973, publishes annually the results of studies carried out with a variable frequency, in addition, it carries out an analysis of the evolution of public opinion.

The comparative study about the level of acceptance of European countries in relation to the use of genetically modified organisms reflects an increase in awareness among citizens with reference to biotechnology.

Citizens are concerned to find out about the available options, their benefits and possible risks that are obtained from the use of genetically modified products.

Based on this information, the results of the analysis show that the citizens of the countries of the European Union expect the implementation of norms and procedures that regulate the use of GMOs to safeguard general health.

From 1996 to 2018, the area of ​​transgenic crops has multiplied 113 times, reaching some 2,500 million hectares, which is an indicator of a change in position and increased participation worldwide of the countries that bet for this alternative.

The main producing countries of transgenic crops are the United States, Brazil, Argentina, Canada and India, which have thousands of hectares for planting and harvesting genetically modified vegetables, successfully adopting biotechnology.

Finally, the research and development of the sciences, all of them, including biology, allow human beings to advance and create technology that helps people solve social, economic and even health problems that may arise throughout history. If you found this information interesting, we invite you to find more interesting information about the use of technology in the food industry and other related topics, on our blog.

2020 GM Foods, with scientific adjustments

Transgenic foods are products that are genetically modified so that they present a characteristic that improves their properties. In 2020, transgenic foods were consumed daily, although their benefits for the body are still under investigation.

What are transgenic foods?

GMO foods are those that are produced from genetic material from other organisms, with the idea of ​​improving taste, durability and other important characteristics.

These modifications are made through genetic engineering, which is responsible for transforming a food, enhancing and changing traits to obtain a product with superior quality.

To name this type of food, terms such as transgenic and genetically modified organism (GMO) are used.

From a scientific point of view, all GMOs are GMOs but not all GMOs are GMOs, this is because there are other ways to modify the DNA of a living being that are not based on genetic engineering.

For example, corn can be grown with classic agricultural methods to generate changes in the product, these are considered GMOs, while those obtained using exclusively genetic engineering are transgenic.

In agriculture, basic techniques are used to improve specific aspects of plants, which are based on crossing species and selecting the best individuals to create new varieties.

Genetic engineering focuses on the isolation of a gene, transformation and characterization of a product, with laboratory methods and techniques, it is also frequently resorted to introducing a gene from another living being to obtain the desired characteristics.

Thanks to advances in biotechnology, genes can be transferred to different organisms to provide them with qualities that improve the final product.

An example of this are the plants that are genetically intervened to increase their capacity to store water and that are more resistant to times of drought, improvements are also achieved in the vitamin content of the species.

Research on the health effects of transgenic foods is ongoing, some especially susceptible people may be affected by developing allergies or other pathologies.

What are transgenic foods?

There are transgenic species that have been successfully developed in laboratories, although their commercialization has not been consolidated on a large scale.

GMOs in Europe

In Europe, only Bt maize is allowed to grow, a transgenic variety that turns out to be resistant to a specific pest that constantly invades the crop, this food is used only for animal consumption.

The European Union allows the import of transgenic foods such as soybeans, rapeseed and corn, but only as animal feed. For its part, Spain is the leading producer of transgenic products in Europe.

The variety of GMOs that are imported for human consumption are used as part of processed foods. Products that have been genetically modified, but only one extract is used, the final product is not considered to contain genetic material from another organism.

GMOs in the United States and other countries

There are countries that grow or import transgenic products, such as Canada, Australia, Romania, Bulgaria, Argentina, China, South Africa, Mexico, Indonesia, Brazil, Uruguay, Colombia and Honduras, among others.

Among the most popular GM crops are apples that do not darken, keeping them looking delicious for days. Sugarcane resistant to insects and long periods of drought.

The United States is the country that leads the lists of genetically modified producers, with the largest number of cultivated hectares and a variety of products obtained, including corn, soybeans, cotton, rapeseed, sugar beet, alfalfa, papaya, pumpkin, potatoes and apples.

Brazil is a large producer of transgenic soybean, corn and cotton crops. Other countries with prominent genetically modified food production are Canada and India.

Finally, it is important that any innovation that is carried out for the benefit of humanity is appreciated and exploited to the maximum to take advantage of its advantages.

What are genetically modified organisms?

In his tireless search to improve the characteristics of biological products, man has found the scientific techniques necessary to create genetically modified organisms, with the aim of obtaining benefits and raising the quality level of each product.

What is a genetically modified organism?

Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are those biological entities such as microorganisms, plants or animals, in which DNA is specifically intervened and manipulated, using biotechnology techniques.

This refers to the application of technological tools on biological systems for their transformation at the genetic level. These modification procedures are completely different from the natural methods of combination or reproduction.

Through genetic modification, characteristics derived from the presence of this gene in an organism, of the same species or in a different individual can be changed, transferred or eliminated.

The techniques used in biotechnology that are applied directly to organisms are called genetic technology, genetic engineering or DNA technology.

The practical application of biotechnology is, generally, in the field of agricultural production, in livestock and in the health area, for the development of vaccines or treatments for conditions of hereditary pathologies.

Advantages of genetically modified organisms

The application of biotechnology in the search to improve the properties of biological systems, results in the creation or restructuring of genetically modified organisms.

  • Genetically modified organisms have greater resistance to agents that usually cause irreparable damage. At the genetic level, a plant species can be transformed to be able to withstand common diseases and survive toxic substances.
  • With biotechnology, the nutritional value contained in the species can be improved, for example, vitamins can be added and the protein content of the food can also be modified.
  • The genetic modification of a food can eliminate the elements that cause an allergic reaction in people after consumption.
  • Plant species that are stronger against environmental factors can be created, which represents an advantage for producers, since the plants become more resistant to periods of drought and the amount of water used for irrigation is reduced.

Disadvantages of genetically modified organisms

The disadvantages emanating from the production of genetically modified food crops must be taken into consideration as they represent a potential long-term health hazard.

  • Use of soils until their properties are exhausted, this happens due to the amount of toxic (chemical) residues that may remain after harvesting.
  • The land tends to weaken until it loses all its properties, since there is no room for crop rotation, thus the soil recovers its nutrients.
  • There is the possibility of genetic contamination, which consists of the introduction of genetically modified organisms to other crops, which can affect the biodiversity of the environment.

Applications in different sectors

Genetically modified organisms can be implemented in the production of different items and in different areas:

  • The agricultural and livestock industry: Genetically modified seeds improve the vegetable product that is harvested, adding or manipulating specific characteristics for the benefit of the consumer and the producer.
  • The food industry: Genetic modifications are usually implemented that optimize biotechnological processes to produce food for animal consumption, which contribute to reducing the appearance of common diseases.
  • In the field of medicine, genetic manipulation is used to produce supplies and medicines, which are part of treatments for some diseases, which are produced with biotechnology techniques.

Finally, it is essential to mention that the advancement of technology has allowed science to turn into reality aspects that in the past were only theories or hypotheses, so its importance transcends the barriers of what is possible. If you want to know more about this and other interesting topics, be sure to read all the articles we have for you on our website.

Everything you need to know about the Bioeconomy

The Bioeconomy arises with the objective of finding a viable solution to boost production and economic growth within a sustainable model, to face the challenge of climate change. Now, you will discover everything you need to know about the Bioeconomy.

Bioeconomy: Basic Concepts

The bioeconomy is a broad concept that encompasses a set of economic activities, in which renewable biological resources are used to transform them to obtain products and services in an ecologically friendly way.

These processes result in an increase in supplies with high economic value that come to replace those that depend on the use of fossil fuel to reach each of the homes.

The foregoing causes the deterioration or destruction of the environment from which these resources are taken.

Under the premise that it proposes the use of natural resources in an eco-efficient and sustainable way, the bioeconomy tries to establish itself as an alternative to the problems of hunger and scarcity that currently hit the poorest areas of the world hard.

The implementation of the bioeconomy is based on objectives such as sustainable food production, administration and marketing, in addition to promoting the use of bioproducts, bioservices and bioenergy.

What is the bioeconomy?

The bioeconomy is a model that unifies the economy with biology, this with the idea of ​​adapting the biological processes that occur naturally to manage them efficiently.

To achieve balanced and sustainable management, the needs of the environment must be met, establishing integrated economic cycles as part of a global system, which guarantees the reduction of the effects of using available resources.

The bioeconomic model seeks to minimize the negative impact on the environment, which establishes the foundations of a sustainable economy, where biological resources are used and later reproduced again.

Examples on the implementation of the bioeconomy

  • Activities of grazing animals for consumption, an activity that is carried out at the same time that the pastures grown in the mountains are cleared.
  • In agriculture, crop rotation is used, which consists of alternating the type of plants that are planted so that the resources provided by the land are not depleted causing it to become sterile.
  • Sustainable tourism is a proposal that has become popular, since places of ecological interest are made known, with respect for the environment and promoting the economy of the place with the money that comes from the facilities for tourists, trade and services.
  • Waste management, boosts the bioeconomy, since bioproducts are implemented such as the use of natural gas produced by the decomposition of organic matter from a biodigester, which stores methane gas in an ecological way.
  • Creation of sustainable local industries, which allow the implementation of circular economy models and policies for the reuse of products and recycling activities.
  • Reduction of the use of fossil fuels, to contribute to the elimination of oil exploitation.
  • Promote the use of bioenergetic technology, proposing innovative models of devices that use solar panels to recharge and take on the challenge of saving energy.

Advantages of using the Bioeconomy

The concepts that are handled in the bioeconomy can be implemented in existing economic activities.

The increase in the world population, the demand for products and energy, in addition to the drastic changes caused by global warming and climate change, have caused irreparable damage to ecosystems.

For this reason, the bioeconomy is here to stay, as it lays the foundations of a modern system that integrates the development of agribusiness, the production of bioproducts and the use of bioservices that are sustainable for each community, integrating itself as part of a great sustainable and eco-friendly model. Discover more interesting content, like this one, on our blog.